When an object is damaged, broken, or noticeably reconstructed, it commands attention. Each scar, stain, alteration, or reconstruction acts as a record. I create or reconstruct utilitarian objects while limiting their functionality through the manipulation of their materiality or function. By reproducing an object using inadequate materials, it fails shortly after use. Predetermining the outcome of failure, I negate the function of an object’s original design and purpose. Because utilitarian objects are understood through their function, this negation serves to highlight the function through its own absence.